American History Project: Presidential Roles

Part One

President Dwight D. Eisenhower was the 34th president of the United States of America. During his reign from 1953 to 1961, he was a president who issues 1,110 pardons and 47 commutations. He was elected under the Republican Party. In 1948, he was elected in the Republican Party Presidential primaries, which was followed by another election in 1952, that was still the party’s primaries and in the same year he eventually won the presidency. In 1956, he was also elected in the primaries and still won the presidency for a second term. However, after his victory, he developed Crohn’s disease that impaired his speech and this led him to write a letter allowing his Vice President Richard Nixon to assume power. This led to the amendment of the constitution where it was made a formal law that if a president during his reign was incapacitated, that he would be allowed to hand over power to the next in command (Clark, 2012).

Part Two

President Dwight D. Eisenhower was a good president despite having some minor shortcomings in his rule. During his reign, it was a tough time for America as it was during the cold war, but during this time, he was able to maintain the national economy and protect the national security as well. It is during his reign he was able to end the Korean War in 1953. President Eisenhower was further involved in the Brown vs. Broad of Education legal matter that made the supreme court declare that the establishment of separate schools for blacks and whites was unconstitutional, which he failed to fully implement, thus, one of his major shortcomings. As the cold war continued, he made an order to the federal troops to head to Little Rock where they would enforce integration. The Eisenhower Doctrine was also established during his reign in 1957 which was a speech that was made to limit communist expansion.

 

Part Three

The most popular event throughout his entire career as president of the United States of American was how he faltered in protecting the civil rights of the African Americans where he failed to enforce fully the mandate of the Supreme Court that required the desegregation of the schools according to the Brown vs. Broad of Education legal matter, where he believed that it was to proceed in a slow manner and hence was reluctant giving his authority as president to give the ruling a backup. President Eisenhower in his rule can be compared with President Barack Obama when it comes to racism, where, despite the slow move Eisenhower used, in the long run, America was to get a first black president and hence, Obama was a sign that indeed racism in America was approaching its final stages (Anderson, 1991).

Part Four

Handout

Dwight D. Eisenhower

President Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president for two terms, from 1953 to 1961. He was a Republican, and was a military man before his appointment at West Point, New York, where he graduated in 1915. During his reign he was famous for the end of the Korean War, the slow application of the supreme ruling in the Brown vs. Broad of Education legal matter, the creation of the Interstate Highway system, the ordering of Federal Troops to Little Rock during the cold war in order to enforce integration and the famous Eisenhower doctrine.

Domestic Issues

He expanded the social security.

He built an interstate highway that used the federal gasoline taxes.

He faced three recessions, but was able to stabilize the economy by doubling the Dow Jones Industrials stock market index (Bowie, & Immerman, 1998)

He launched an operation that was meant to respond to the illegal migration to the United States.

Called for order in Little Rock by sending the federal troops.

 

Foreign Issues

Contained the Korean war and ended it.

Opened relations with Spain.

Used covert action during his administration.

Increased the United States involvement with South East Asia.

Warned Israel, France and The United Kingdom against the control of the Suez Canal.

Led the United Stated in the development of global nuclear power.

 

His major legislation was the Promotion of the Federal-Aid Highway act of 1956 where he created the United States Interstate Highway.

 


References

Anderson, D.L.  (1991). Trapped by Success: The Eisenhower Administration and Vietnam, 1953-1961. Columbia University Press.

Bowie, R. R and. Immerman, R. H (1998) Waging Peace: How Eisenhower Shaped an Enduring Cold War Strategy

Clark, J. (2012). How do presidential pardons work? At: howstuffworks.com, Visited on January 7, 2014.