American History Project: Presidential Roles

Part One

President Dwight D. Eisenhower was the 34th president of the United States of America. During his reign from 1953 to 1961, he was a president who issues 1,110 pardons and 47 commutations. He was elected under the Republican Party. In 1948, he was elected in the Republican Party Presidential primaries, which was followed by another election in 1952, that was still the party’s primaries and in the same year he eventually won the presidency. In 1956, he was also elected in the primaries and still won the presidency for a second term. However, after his victory, he developed Crohn’s disease that impaired his speech and this led him to write a letter allowing his Vice President Richard Nixon to assume power. This led to the amendment of the constitution where it was made a formal law that if a president during his reign was incapacitated, that he would be allowed to hand over power to the next in command (Clark, 2012).

Part Two

President Dwight D. Eisenhower was a good president despite having some minor shortcomings in his rule. During his reign, it was a tough time for America as it was during the cold war, but during this time, he was able to maintain the national economy and protect the national security as well. It is during his reign he was able to end the Korean War in 1953. President Eisenhower was further involved in the Brown vs. Broad of Education legal matter that made the supreme court declare that the establishment of separate schools for blacks and whites was unconstitutional, which he failed to fully implement, thus, one of his major shortcomings. As the cold war continued, he made an order to the federal troops to head to Little Rock where they would enforce integration. The Eisenhower Doctrine was also established during his reign in 1957 which was a speech that was made to limit communist expansion.


Part Three

The most popular event throughout his entire career as president of the United States of American was how he faltered in protecting the civil rights of the African Americans where he failed to enforce fully the mandate of the Supreme Court that required the desegregation of the schools according to the Brown vs. Broad of Education legal matter, where he believed that it was to proceed in a slow manner and hence was reluctant giving his authority as president to give the ruling a backup. President Eisenhower in his rule can be compared with President Barack Obama when it comes to racism, where, despite the slow move Eisenhower used, in the long run, America was to get a first black president and hence, Obama was a sign that indeed racism in America was approaching its final stages (Anderson, 1991).

Part Four


Dwight D. Eisenhower

President Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president for two terms, from 1953 to 1961. He was a Republican, and was a military man before his appointment at West Point, New York, where he graduated in 1915. During his reign he was famous for the end of the Korean War, the slow application of the supreme ruling in the Brown vs. Broad of Education legal matter, the creation of the Interstate Highway system, the ordering of Federal Troops to Little Rock during the cold war in order to enforce integration and the famous Eisenhower doctrine.

Domestic Issues

He expanded the social security.

He built an interstate highway that used the federal gasoline taxes.

He faced three recessions, but was able to stabilize the economy by doubling the Dow Jones Industrials stock market index (Bowie, & Immerman, 1998)

He launched an operation that was meant to respond to the illegal migration to the United States.

Called for order in Little Rock by sending the federal troops.


Foreign Issues

Contained the Korean war and ended it.

Opened relations with Spain.

Used covert action during his administration.

Increased the United States involvement with South East Asia.

Warned Israel, France and The United Kingdom against the control of the Suez Canal.

Led the United Stated in the development of global nuclear power.


His major legislation was the Promotion of the Federal-Aid Highway act of 1956 where he created the United States Interstate Highway.



Anderson, D.L.  (1991). Trapped by Success: The Eisenhower Administration and Vietnam, 1953-1961. Columbia University Press.

Bowie, R. R and. Immerman, R. H (1998) Waging Peace: How Eisenhower Shaped an Enduring Cold War Strategy

Clark, J. (2012). How do presidential pardons work? At:, Visited on January 7, 2014.

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Dave Grohl and the Foo fighters are a group of singers who have not only the pedigree but also the credibility to put up a good piece of music together with whatever is needed.

Profile of David Grohl:

Looking at the profile of Dave Grohl   it is seen that he is an all rounder in music abilities he not only writes song, plays the drums but also plays the piano, guitar and a good song writer too.

His profile as a new generation musicians, he was credited for having changed the scene of popular music.  He started off with the band nirvana.

Being a lead singer for the band Foo fighters now he fills the stadium with his baritones meritorious singing, he has won the Grammy award and runs a recoding company of his own .

For being a total non entry in the music world when he started out, today he is one of the wealthiest rock stars. This is to his credit as rock brand and recording companies are slowly receding and the record industry is in crisis.

David Grohl is a man with no mean achievements.   For Grohl his passion for music and his status as a celebrity had to be balanced very carefully. He had to spend time between his band Nirvana and the Foo fighters.

He is very categorical about his passion when he says that,”Nevermind (and Nirvana) is both a gift and a curse to me .For 16 years I’ve had to balance these two things: my love and respect of Nirvana and my love and respect of the Foo Fighters.” He lifts first his right hand then his left and balances the two, the large feathers tattooed on both forearms gently rising and falling. “I wouldn’t be here if it wasn’t for Nirvana, there’s no question. But I don’t know if I’d be alive if it wasn’t for the Foo Fighters. I try to keep them at a balance that is very respectful of each other.”

Despite this feeling his turnaround as a pop star competing with the new generation contemporary musicians like Michal Jackson and standing by his own merit with very few sponsors is no mean feat .The star belonged to the alternative music scene. It was just that the low sounding music scene was a new genre that was portrayed powerfully by Grohl.

His profile was just that he could succeed even under great tenacity. This came about because of the competition he faced. He had studied his competitors very carefully and could see though every marketing strategy those other bands used.  This enabled the artist to look at   those techniques that could appraise the competitors about how to make Foo Fighters the excellent bands.

His penchant for recognizing the needs of the market and delivering just what was exactly required  made  Grohl look at  bringing in that extra edge to his profile as a lead bander and rock star . He knew that skills at singing and playing the guitar was not the only sure shot at success There had to be devised strategies to cope with success formulas and Grohl knew how to handle it .


The profile of a person from humble beginnings to the most pride of great recognition is the man called Grohl.  He is now synonymous with   new singing and high tenacity to overcome odds.

As is said by a journalist,” Democracy? Or is it a benign dictatorship? “Well, yeah. Show me a band of five people where there’s no leader… I just don’t think it could happen. At the end of the day, it’s my name at the bottom of the cheque.”





Dell Company Research


Dell is a telecommunication company which is privately owned, based in Texas, United States. The company sells, develops and repairs computers together with other products and services related to the telecommunication sector. The company deals with a lot of products such as personal computers, network switches, data storage devices and software. As a result of this, it is one of the biggest multinational telecommunication companies employing over 100,000 workers. Besides these products, it also deals with innovations in electronic commerce and supply chain management. The success of this company has been brought about by its efficient management, which has enabled it to get the right customers for its products (McDonald & Dunbar, 2012).


One of the factors that have contributed to Dell’s success is market segmentation. The company deals with a lot of products and services, which give its management team a difficult task of finding the right customers for their products and services. For example, the management team identified that many organizations needed efficient supply chain management systems as a result of globalization. They hence ventured into innovating efficient supply chain systems, which targeted multinational companies. This is based on the fact that these companies receive orders from many nations, as they also import raw materials from various parts of the world. This leads to these organizations requiring efficient and effective supply chain management system which enables them to avoid cases such as delays (Pride & Ferrell, 2006).

The revolution in the telecommunication sector has led to many things being done via the internet. Dell was able to identify this, hence came decided to venture into the electronic commerce. This has enabled it to sell its products online. This has enabled the company to access customers who are very busy to make the purchase via retail shops. Through electronic commerce, they are able to purchase the company’s products such as software while at work. This has eased transaction time and cost, and at the same time relieving the customers the stress of going to their retail shops to look for their products.

The company sells personal computers for example laptops. These computers are used for personal activities such as storing personal data. These computers are aimed at people working in offices and students. By identifying the needs of these people, the company came up with these computers, whose features favor their users (McDonald & Dunbar, 2012). For example, laptops are usually portable which makes it easy for their owners to move with them as they go on with their activities. For example, students can carry them to classrooms and library from where they can use them to study. At the same time, they also contain entertainment features such as games which enable the users to relax. Laptops also enables people to work outside office, for example while at their homes.

The company deals in software, which are needed by both individual persons and organizations. The company was able to identify that individuals and corporations would require various software for conducting various activities. For example, many organizations engage in accounting activities implying that they need accounting software as it is very difficult to conduct the accounting process manually, especially if it is a big corporation such as multinational organizations. The company also sells software that enable personal computers to work well. For example, games software, internet connection software and antivirus. These software are essential to any organization or person using computers. The company  realized that these software needed updating, which meant that they will never lack market as the users have to keep on purchasing new software as they continue using their computers. The company also sell software that enable organizations or companies to prepare their payrolls. This activity has to take place in all organizations, implying that these software will always have market as new companies keep on coming up while the old companies have to purchase new ones so as to update the old software for the system to be efficient.

Besides computers and the supply management system, the company also deals with music gadgets as it sells MP3 players. These gadgets mainly targeted the young population, who like music. Some of the MP3 gadgets sold by this company are portable, which enables people to listen to their favorite music at any place, something that is common to young people.

The company also sells printers which are mainly used in offices and schools. While coming up with this product, the company targeted offices, where there is a lot of printing work. Schools were also targeted as there is also a lot of printing, for example assignments among students and exam papers.


Through market segmentation, the company was able to find the correct customers to its products. At the same time, it came up with products that fitted the customer needs. These products are also of top quality, as the company keeps on inventing new products in order to keep up with their customer’s changing demands. This has enabled the company to get a lot of customers as a result of its quality products, which are also bought by the right customers (Pride & Ferrell, 2006).



McDonald, M., & Dunbar, I. (2012).Market segmentation: How to do it and how to profit from     it. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Pride, W. M., & Ferrell, O. C. (2006).Marketing: Concepts and strategies. Boston: Houghton        Mifflin Co.